Environment

Specific original intent of the intervention and their unintended consequence

Artificial sweeteners’ original intent was to prevent the risk of diabetes and obesity. Modern lifestyle is associated with the consumption of foods that are processed, high fat and lower in plant matter hence affecting microbial inhabitants and human physiology. As a result of modernization, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, asthma, obesity, and allergies have increased. In order to combat the increase of such diseases, artificial sweeteners were proposed which, however, have been demonstrated to alter gut microbial communities resulting in glucose intolerance in humans hence increasing disease risks.

Restroom electric hand dryers were invented to help in ensuring hand hygiene hence minimizing pathogen transmission. In order to practice infection control at home, healthcare setting and community at large, hand hygiene must be considered as research shows that approximately 40 percent of cases associated with health care infections result from cross-infection hence hand hygiene is necessary in reducing adverse effects. Hand hygiene involves procedures such as washing with water and soap or use of hand sanitizer. Hands are then dried using various methods such as the use of paper towels, warm air dryer, and jet air dryers. Hand dryers, however, led to further dispersal of viruses and contamination of the immediate environment. Experiments conducted on the three drying methods showed that greater numbers of virus particles were dispersed from jet air dryer followed by warm air dryer and paper towel. The difference was as a result of the mode of drying whereby paper towel uses absorption, warm air dryers use evaporation and jet air dyers use shearing forces hence dispersing the viruses in the air.

Triclosan was produced to act as an antimicrobial agent used in consumer products and household personal care. It is used as a preservative in cosmetics and prevention of tooth deformities.TCS is used to manufacture toothpaste, deodorant soaps, cosmetics products, dishwashing liquid, deodorants and antiseptic products. Triclosan is also used in cloths, beddings, utensils, and toys. Use of Triclosan and its by-products, however, has resulted in dermal irritations, microbial resistance, allergies, endocrine disruptions, tumors development, and altered thyroid hormone metabolism.

 

Solution or remediation for any or all of the resulting consequences from these interventions

To prevent adverse effects of Triclosan, other alternatives should be considered. For instance, use of plain soap instead of antibacterial soap with triclosan as both are equally effective in bacterial removal from the hands as well as sickness prevention and use of organic biocides and nonorganic antibiotics as other alternatives. Secondly, regulations should be established to help in reducing the amount of triclosan used.

Hygiene Hypothesis and its relationship to the discussion.

Hygiene Hypothesis states that childhood exposure to environmental allergens helps in boosting immune system activity by reducing the risk of developing allergies therefore exposure to unclean condition is healthy for a child’s immune system development. In relation to the discussion, hygiene hypothesis explains the rising incidence of allergic diseases and other infections; therefore, the use of artificial sweeteners, electric hand dryers and triclosan might not be necessary as they increase further vulnerability in children.

 

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